What Is Postal Voting?
The election is held in India for every five years, and mammoth efforts are made to ensure that all registered voters are able to participate. This includes the citizens that are unable to reach their respective polling stations. Postal voting is a system developed by the Election Commission to uphold the constitutional right to vote.
Elections is a right of the citizens to decide who should be ruling the country and based on their experience and thinking they can decide who will be the best for their region or country. But this is held every 5 years and once needs to be very careful in exercising this right. It is a fundamental right and should be followed by one and all. This is something really good and people who love democracy it is their power to get people elected and remove people based on their choice. But at times due to various reasons some people may not be present in the their respective area to vote and in such case postal voting comes into the picture.
The election is held in India every five years, and mammoth efforts are made to ensure that all registered voters are able to participate. This includes the citizens that are unable to reach their respective polling stations.
Postal voting is a system developed by the Election Commission to uphold the constitutional right to vote. The requirement for postal voting exists because:
- Physical Obstacles
- Legal Obstacles
- Requirement of Duty
- Under the system, the names of citizens participating in the postal vote are registered with each constituency.
- The governing officer works towards sending postal ballot papers to the citizens before voting begins.
- These are prepared and dispatched immediately after the names of candidates standing for election are finalized.s
- The postal ballot must be filled out and sent back with proof of identity and witness signature.
- The ballot is counted on the day of the final voting as part of the votes cast on the day.
This is of particular use to citizens that are employed under government duty and are unable to leave their post in order to travel and cast a vote.
As of now, there are six defined categories of voters that are eligible for postal voting.
- Service voters, who are employed by the government inside and outside the country
- Special voters who are unable to make their way to polling booths due to various barriers.
- Wives of both service and special voters
- Working voters, comprising of officers on election duty
- Notified voters, whose eligibility to vote is decided specifically by the Government.
Postal voting ensures that duty or detention does not interfere with the intention to vote. As of now, NRIs and convicted criminals do not get to vote via any system. Officers on election duty and voters on preventative detention get to vote by post as well. The last is notified voters, who are informed specifically by the EC of their eligibility. Postal voting ensures that duty or detention does not interfere with the intention to vote.
Written by Mohd, posted on 19/06/2016