Eligibility To Vote In India
As part of the Constitution of India, the citizens are granted an eligibility to vote. It is considered to be a right and a duty for the citizens, who are asked to participate in the election process every four years.
As per the Constitution, the eligibility to vote is conferred upon the citizens of India that are above 18 years of age. This is the minimum age limit, which was put into place on March 28th, 1989. All citizens, irrespective of gender, race, caste or economic class have been given a right to cast their vote. There are however, certain categories which are denied the right to vote such as Non-Resident Indians and convicted criminals.
In order to vote, the name of the citizen must be registered on the voting list that is drawn up before the elections. Without this, they are not considered to be eligible in any form. They must also apply for and receive a Voter's Identity Card. Without the card, the vote cannot be cast since there is no acceptable proof of identity for the citizen. All residents that are eligible for voting are expected to register their names in the correct constituency and get registered.
The Right To Vote has been granted to all citizens of the country. It is not a fundamental right, since there are instances where the right is taken away. These are mentioned in amendments and Acts defined by the constitution.
The Representation of the People Act, 1950 is the most important one, as it outlines the procedures for voting. It provides the necessary qualifications to provide a citizen with the right to vote and the reasons for disqualification.
Overall, voting in India is encouraged by the various governments and the efforts to increase education about rights have been rising over the past years.
Written by Mohd, Posted on 19/06/2016